Cardinal George Pell loses appeal of sex abuse convictions

Melbourne — An Australian appeals court Wednesday upheld convictions against Cardinal George Pell, the most senior Catholic to be found guilty of sexually abusing children. The decision brought cheers from scores of abuse survivors and victims’ advocates demonstrating outside court.

The Victoria state Court of Appeal, in a 2-1 ruling, rejected Pell’s appeal of a unanimous jury verdict in December that Pope Francis’ former finance minister was guilty of molesting two 13-year-old choirboys in Melbourne’s St. Patrick’s Cathedral more than two decades ago.

George Pell arrives at the Supreme Court of Victoria in Melbourne
Cardinal George Pell arrives at Supreme Court of Victoria in Melbourne, Australia, on August 21, 2019 AAP Images / Erik Anderson / Reuters

Pell’s lawyers will examine the judgment and consider an appeal to the High Court, Australia’s final arbiter, his spokeswoman Katrina Lee said in a statement.

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“Cardinal Pell is obviously disappointed with the decision today,” the statement said, adding that he maintains his innocence.

But prominent victims advocate Chrissie Foster was quoted by the Reuters news service as telling reporters outside the court that, “We have today in our court, in Victoria, the Supreme Court, saying, ‘We believe the victim and we uphold the jury’s verdict.’ No one is above the law.”

The Vatican issued a statement saying it was “reiterating” its “respect for the Australian judicial system” and it “acknowledges the court’s decision to dismiss Cardinal Pell’s appeal.”

But “the Holy See recalls that the Cardinal has always maintained his innocence throughout the judicial process and that it is his right to appeal to the High Court” and “the Holy See confirms its closeness to the victims of sexual abuse and its commitment to pursue … those members of the clergy who commit such abuse.”

Pell was sentenced to six years in prison in March and is no longer a member of Francis’ Council of Cardinals or a Vatican official.

But Reuters points out that he is still a cardinal in the Catholic church and would still be a priest even if he were to resign as a cardinal. Reuters adds that Pell could be stripped of his priesthood if a special Vatican body looking into his case also finds him guilty.

Prime Minister Scott Morrison said soon after the appeal was rejected that Pell would be stripped of his Order of Australia honor.

Victorian Supreme Court Dismisses Cardinal George Pell Child Sexual Abuse Appeal
Valda Hogan, an abuse victim, celebrates outside Supreme Court of Victoria along with other demonstrators on August 21, 2019 in Melbourne, Australia after Cardinal George Pell’s appeal of convictions on charges of sexually abusing two 13-year-old choirboys in late 1990s was rejected Robert Cianflone / Getty Images

Pell, 78, showed no emotion when Chief Justice Anne Ferguson read the verdict to a packed courtroom but bowed his head moments later. He wore a cleric’s collar but not his cardinal’s ring. Pell had arrived at the court in a prison van and was handcuffed as he was led away by a guard.

The Australian Catholic Bishops’ Conference, a body representing all the nation’s Catholic bishops, said all Australians must be equal under the law and they accept the court’s verdict.

“I respectfully receive the court’s decision and I encourage everyone to do the same,” Melbourne Archbishop Peter Comensoli said in a statement.

Clerical sexual abuse and the Catholic Church’s handling of such cases worldwide have thrown Francis’ papacy into turmoil.

In a little more than a year, the pope has acknowledged he made “grave errors” in Chile’s worst cover-up, Pell was convicted of abuse, a French cardinal was convicted of failing to report a pedophile, and a third cardinal, former U.S. church leader Theodore McCarrick, was defrocked after a Vatican investigation determined he molested children and adults.

Explaining the judges’ thinking

Ferguson said she and President of the Court of Appeal Chris Maxwell “decided that it was open to the jury to be satisfied beyond reasonable doubt that Cardinal Pell was guilty.”

The two judges “accepted the prosecution’s submission that the complainant was a very compelling witness, clearly not a liar, was not a fantasist and was a witness of truth,” Ferguson said.

The dissenting judge, Mark Weinberg, “could not exclude as a reasonable possibility that some of what the complainant said was concocted,” particularly in relation to the charge that Pell had squeezed the boy’s genitals and shoved him against a cathedral corridor wall as they passed in the midst of the choir moments after a Mass, she said.

“Justice Weinberg found that the complainant’s account of the second incident was entirely implausible and quite unconvincing,” Ferguson said.

One of the choirboys, identified by the sentencing judge as J.J., was the key prosecution witness. His friend, identified as M.R., died of a heroin overdose in 2014 at the age of 31 without ever complaining he had been abused. Neither victim can be named.

Victim reacts

J.J. said in a statement on Wednesday that he “felt a responsibility to come forward” after attending his friend’s funeral.

“The criminal process has been stressful. The journey has taken me to places that, in my darkest moments, I feared I could not return from,” he said in a statement released by his lawyer.

“I am grateful for a legal system that everyone can believe in, where everybody is equal before the law and no one is above the law,” he added.

The victim said he was relieved by the verdict and, “I just hope that it’s all over now.”

The father of the deceased victim shed tears of relief in the courtroom when Pell’s appeal was denied, his lawyer said.

Lawyer Lisa Flynn said the father had an “extremely tough wait” for the judgment against Pell and the court made the correct decision. “The disgraced cardinal is in the right place behind bars.”

An earlier trial had ended with a deadlocked jury, with at least two jurors holding out for conviction or acquittal. While Pell’s lawyers argued in the appeal that the jury must have had reasonable doubt, the prosecutors said contrasting evidence from more than 20 priests, choristers, altar servers and church officials still did not preclude guilty verdicts.

Detailing the abuse

The abuse occurred months after Pell became archbishop of Australia’s second-largest city and set in motion the world’s first compensation arrangement for victims of clergy sexual abuse.

The victim who testified said the incident in the corridor occurred in early 1997. The jury also concluded that Pell in late 1996 had orally raped the same choirboy and indecently dealt with the boy and his friend in a rear room of the cathedral after catching them swigging altar wine.

Pell did not testify at either of his trials. But both juries saw a video of a police interview of him in Rome in 2016 in which Pell rejected the allegations as “absolutely disgraceful rubbish” and a “deranged falsehood.”

Ferguson read a summary of the three judges’ findings. The 325-page ruling was published later Wednesday.

When sentencing Pell to six years in prison in March, the trial judge accused Pell of showing “staggering arrogance” in his crimes. He was ordered to serve a minimum of three years and eight months before he will be eligible for parole.

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NASA program “OMG” trying to find out how fast Greenland’s ice is melting

Greenland’s ice sheet is melting six times faster than in the 1980s. This month, it lost 11 billion tons of surface ice in one day, enough to fill more than four million Olympic-sized swimming pools.

Summer came sooner there and is expected to last longer. Greenlanders said they’ve seen more extreme weather and fishermen are catching warmer-water fish. They’re living with climate change and scientists have come from around the world to study why.

Josh Willis of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory is in the fourth year of a five-year research project he designed. His team is dropping probes into the ocean to understand how the waters around Greenland are warming and contributing to the melting of glaciers.

On Saturday, Willis’ team dropped probes telling them the saltiness and the temperature of the water during a nearly seven-hour flight covering more than 800 miles.

“We usually think of Greenland’s ice as a sort of ice cube with a hairdryer on it, but in fact that ice cube is sitting in a pot of water too,” Willis told Seth Doane for “CBS This Morning.” “And the water is warming up as well and the two things together can combine to create sea level rise that happens much more rapidly than what we originally anticipated.”

Willis named his program “Oceans Melting Greenland.” Its acronym, “O-M-G,” was no mistake. He said humankind should be surprised and pay attention.

“There’s enough ice in Greenland to raise sea levels by 25 feet worldwide,” Willis said. “Now, we don’t think it’ll happen right away, but just how fast it does is something we’re trying to figure out with OMG.”

Greenland may feel like a remote place, but what happens there will make a difference to anyone living in a coastal area around the world.

“We all live with one ocean,” Willis said. “So a billion tons of ice lost here in Greenland means higher sea levels in Florida, California, New York, even as far as Australia.”

So far, OMG’s missions have shown how sensitive glaciers are to the ocean. And they’ve also produced a better map of the sea floor, allowing them to gauge which glaciers are threatened. The answer: more than they thought.

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“More than anything, I’m a granddaughter”: Tlaib tells supporters

Congresswoman Rashida Tlaib emotionally told supporters in Detroit on Friday that she “should be on a plane” to see her grandmother in the occupied West Bank. Israel upended diplomatic norms earlier this week by barring her and fellow freshman Congresswoman Ilhan Omar from joining a trip attended by other lawmakers. 

“More than anything, I’m a granddaughter,” Tlaib said Friday.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Thursday the country’s interior minister had decided to deny entry to Tlaib of Michigan and Omar of Minnesota, who were scheduled to visit next week. He said he supported the decision.

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“As a free and vibrant democracy, Israel is open to critics and criticism, with one exception: Israeli law prohibits the entry into Israel of those who call for and work to impose boycotts on Israel,” Netanyahu said in a statement. “Congresswomen Tlaib and Omar are leading activists in promoting the legislation of boycotts against Israel in the American Congress.”

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U.S. Democratic Representative for Michigan’s 13th congressional district Rashida Tlaib attends “Shabatt in the Park with Rashida” event on August 16, 2019 in Pallister Park in Detroit, Michigan. Jeff Kowalsky / AFP/Getty Images

Tlaib and Omar, who are both Muslim, have been outspoken critics of Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians. 

Tlaib had appealed to Israel on humanitarian grounds to allow her to visit her family but then decided against going after Israel reversed her decision. 

President Trump has been publicly feuding with Tlaib, Omar and the other congresswomen known as the “Squad” for weeks. Before the ban was announced, Mr. Trump wrote on Twitter that “it would show great weakness if Israel allowed” Tlaib and Omar to visit. 

On Friday night, Tlaib attended a Shabbat dinner with the liberal nonprofit group Jewish Voices for Peace, according to the Detroit News. “It is oppression to have travel restrictions placed based on your freedom of speech and to have conditions placed on your travel, that’s not freedom or constitutes a democratic state,”  said Reuben Telushkin of JVP Action, who organized Friday’s event. 

Mr. Trump tweeted several times on Friday night about Tlaib, writing that “Israel was very respectful & nice to Rep. Rashida Tlaib, allowing her permission to visit her ‘grandmother.'” He then suggested it was a “setup” and and wrote “the only real winner here is Tlaib’s grandmother. She doesn’t have to see her now!” 

Tlaib’s 90-year-old grandmother responded angrily outside her home.

“May God ruin him,” she said. “I was happy that she was coming. I was excited that she was coming, for her grandmother to see her.” 

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Muftia Tlaib, the maternal grandmother of US Congresswoman Rashida, is pictured outside her home in the village of Beit Ur al-Fauqa, in the occupied West Bank on August 15, 2019. Abbas Momani / AFP/Getty Images

Paula Reid contributed reporting.

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#BoycottMulan trends after comments by Disney star

Fears of military crackdown in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong protests have reached Disney. The hashtag #BoycottMulan is trending worldwide after “Mulan” star Liu Yifei voiced support for the police crackdown in Hong Kong this week. 

Crystal Liu Yifei, the well-known Chinese-American actress starring in Disney’s upcoming live-action “Mulan” remake, expressed support for the city’s police on social media. 

“I support the Hong Kong police. You can all attack me now,” she posted on Weibo, a Chinese social media platform where Yifei has nearly 66 million followers. “What a shame for Hong Kong.” 

She shared the message along with a Chinese propaganda post supporting the police crackdown on mass anti-government protests in Hong Kong. She also used the hashtag, “IAlsoSupportTheHongKongPolice” and added a heart emoji and a strong arm emoji. 

The actress received support on Weibo, but the backlash was immediate on Twitter and Instagram, which are blocked in China. Twitter users around the world accused the actress of supporting police brutality. 

The Walt Disney Company did not immediately respond to CBS News’ request for comment. 

Months of protests by pro-democracy demonstrators in Hong Kong have led to repeated clashes with the city’s security forces. The tension boiled over this week as protesters swarmed Hong Kong’s busy airport and shut it down two days in a row. 

That was just the latest development in a summer of fierce demonstrations that began in June against a proposed extradition law that would have allowed some criminal suspects to be sent to mainland China to stand trial. While the government has since suspended the bill, protesters have pressed on with broader calls for democratic reforms and an investigation into alleged police brutality.

On Tuesday, United Nations human rights chief Michelle Bachelet urged Hong Kong authorities to investigate what she called “credible evidence” suggesting law enforcement officers had fired tear gas at protesters in ways that violate international law. Videos have emerged showing police firing gas and beanbag rounds at close range.

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Referee Stephanie Frappart makes European soccer history

London — Stephanie Frappart stepped onto the soccer field Wednesday night and straight into the history books, becoming the first woman ever to officiate a major European men’s soccer final. Before the match, Frappart said she and her fellow female refs were more than ready to take on the big boys.

“We had to prove us physically, technically and tactically that we have the same than the men. So I am not afraid about that. So I think nothing changed for me,” Frappart said.

But everything has changed for men’s soccer. Refereeing the women’s World Cup final, which the U.S. Women’s National Team won in spectacular fashion, is one thing. But over here, officiating Europe’s highest-level game, soccer titans Liverpool vs. Chelsea, is a game-changer.

Liverpool v Chelsea: UEFA Super Cup
Match referee, Stephanie Frappart reacts during the UEFA Super Cup match between Liverpool and Chelsea at Vodafone Park on Aug. 14, 2019, in Istanbul, Turkey. Getty

By way of comparison, the NFL has had only one female refs in the last 99 years.

Few people would dispute that Frappart is qualified. But are fans ready for a female referee in the men’s game?

“I believe it’s quite a big step because women’s football is on the rise,” one fan said.

The moment Stephanie Frappart stepped into that soccer stadium, she broke down all the barriers.

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Defiant Hong Kong protesters choke newly reopened airport

Unrest In Hong Kong During Anti-Government Protests
Protesters occupy the departure hall of the Hong Kong International Airport during a demonstration on August 13, 2019 in Hong Kong, China. Getty

Hong Kong — Protesters clogged the departure area at Hong Kong’s reopened airport Tuesday, a day after they forced one of the world’s busiest transport hubs to shut down entirely amid their calls for an independent inquiry into alleged police abuse. More than 100 flights were cancelled as thousands of protesters occupied the airport’s main terminal for the fifth consecutive day.

Flagship carrier Cathay Pacific said in a statement that it had been “informed by the Airport Authority in Hong Kong that all check-in has been suspended as a result of the public assembly at Hong Kong International Airport, which is ongoing. There is potential for further flight disruptions at short notice.”

CBS News producer Chris Liable said all scheduled flights not already checked in were cancelled, and protesters were also blocking the departure lines at immigration, so nobody was able to get through there — something the protesters hadn’t done previously.

After filling up two separate arrivals halls, demonstrators streamed into the departure area despite increased security measures designed to keep them out. Passengers struggled to get past the sitting protesters and into the immigration section.

Some flights were able to take off earlier Tuesday, relieving some of the pressure from Monday’s cancellation of more than 200 flights.

An “existential threat”?

The central government in Beijing ominously characterized the protest movement as something approaching “terrorism” that posed an “existential threat” to the local citizenry.

Hong Kong airport reopens after protests

Meanwhile, paramilitary police were assembling across the border in the city of Shenzhen for exercises in what some saw as a threat to increase force brought against the mostly young protesters who have turned out in their thousands over the past 10 weeks.

Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam said the ongoing instability, chaos and violence have placed the city on a “path of no return.”

The demonstrators have shown no sign of letting up on their campaign to force Lam’s administration to respond to their demands, including that she step down and entirely scrap legislation that could have seen criminal suspects sent to mainland China to face torture and unfair or politically charged trials.

While Beijing tends to define terrorism broadly, extending it especially to nonviolent movements opposing government policies in minority regions such as Tibet and Xinjiang, the government’s usage of the term in relation to Hong Kong raised the prospect of greater violence and the possible suspension of legal rights for those detained.

While China has yet to threaten sending in the army — as it did against pro-democracy protesters in Beijing in 1989 — the exercises in Shenzhen were a further demonstration of its ability to crush the demonstrations, even at the cost to Hong Kong’s reputation as a safe haven for business and international exchange.

Images posted online showed armored personnel carriers belonging to the People’s Armed Police driving in convoy Monday toward the location of the exercises, just across the border from Hong Kong.

The People’s Liberation Army also has a garrison in Hong Kong, which recently released a video showing its units combating actors dressed as protesters. The Hong Kong police on Monday also put on a display of armored car-mounted water cannons that it plans to deploy by the middle of the month.

“Credible evidence” of police violations

Demonstrators have in recent days focused on their demand for an independent inquiry into what they call the police’s abuse of power and negligence. That followed reports and circulating video footage of violent arrests and injuries sustained by protesters.

Hong Kong protests paralyze one of Asia’s busiest airports

On Tuesday, United Nations human rights chief Michelle Bachelet urged Kong Kong authorities to investigate what she called “credible evidence” suggesting law enforcement officers had fired tear gas at protesters in ways that violate international law. Videos have emerged showing police firing gas and beanbag rounds at close range.

Some protesters have thrown bricks, eggs and flaming objects at police stations and police said they arrested another 149 demonstrators over the weekend, bringing the total to more than 700 since early June. Police say several officers have suffered burns, bruises and eye damage inflicted by protesters.

Lam told reporters Tuesday that dialogue would only begin when the violence stopped. She reiterated her support for the police and said they have had to make on-the-spot decisions under difficult circumstances, using “the lowest level of force.”

“After the violence has been stopped, and the chaotic situation that we are seeing could subside,” Lam said, “I as the chief executive will be responsible to rebuild Hong Kong’s economy … to help Hong Kong to move on.”

She did not elaborate on what steps her government will take toward reconciliation. After two months, the protests have become increasingly divisive and prompted clashes across the city.

Hong Kong hit where it hurts

The airport shutdown added to what authorities say is already a major blow to the financial hub’s crucial tourism industry.

Kerry Dickinson, a traveler from South Africa, said she had trouble getting her luggage Tuesday morning.

“I don’t think I will ever fly to Hong Kong again,” she said.

The protests early on were staged in specific neighborhoods near government offices. However, the airport protest was had a direct impact on business travel and tourism. Analysts said it could make foreign investors think twice about setting up shop in Hong Kong, which has long prided itself as being Asia’s leading business city with convenient air links across the region.

The black-clad protesters Tuesday held up signs in Simplified Chinese and English to appeal to travelers from mainland China and other parts of the world. “Democracy is a good thing,” said one sign in Simplified Chinese characters, which are used in mainland China instead of the Traditional Chinese script of Hong Kong.

Adding to the protesters’ anger, Hong Kong’s Cathay Pacific Airways told employees in a memo that the carrier has a “zero tolerance” for employees joining “illegal protests” and warned violators could be fired.

Hong Kong was promised democratic rights not enjoyed in Communist Party-ruled mainland China when Beijing took over what had been a British colony in 1997, but some have accused Beijing of steadily eroding their freedoms. Those doubts are fueling the protests, which build on a previous opposition movement that shut down much of the city for seven weeks in 2014 that eventually fizzled out and whose leaders have been imprisoned.

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North Korea says Kim Jong Un oversaw test firings

North Korean media reported that leader Kim Jong Un supervised Saturday’s launch of a new weapons system, hours after President Trump said Kim had written him a letter with a “small apology” for the recent missile tests. South Korean media said Saturday that North Korea fired two more unidentified projectiles into East Sea.

“In a letter to me sent by Kim Jong Un, he stated, very nicely, that he would like to meet and start negotiations as soon as the joint U.S./South Korea joint exercise are over. It was a long letter, much of it complaining about the ridiculous and expensive exercises,” Mr. Trump wrote on Twitter Saturday morning. 

North Korea’s Foreign Ministry in a separate statement on Sunday blasted South Korea for continuing to host military drills with the United States, and said that its future dialogue will be held strictly between Pyongyang and Washington and not between the Koreas.

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South Korea’s military said the North on Saturday fired what appeared to be two short-range ballistic missiles. It said they flew about 248 miles before landing in waters between the Korean Peninsula and Japan. 

KCNA picture of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un guiding the test firing of a new weapon
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un guides the test firing of a new weapon, in this undated photo released on August 11, 2019 by North Korea’s Korean Central News Agency (KCNA).  KCNA / REUTERS

Kim expressed “great satisfaction” over the launches, which Pyongyang’s Korean Central News Agency said verified that the new weapon system performs as designed. The official Rodong Sinmun newspaper published several photos that showed Kim watching from an observation post and what appeared to be a missile soaring from a mobile launcher. 

The agency didn’t specify whether the weapons were ballistic missiles or rocket artillery, but said they were developed to suit the North’s “terrain condition” and provide “advantageous tactical character different from existing weapons systems.”

Kim Dong-yub, an analyst at Seoul’s Institute for Far Eastern Studies, said that North Korea’s photos and South Korea’s flight data of the launches suggest that the North tested a new weapon system that is different from the short-range ballistic missiles it repeatedly fired in recent weeks.

South Korea’s military had described the previous missiles as similar to the Russian-made Iskander, a solid-fuel, nuclear-capable missile that is highly maneuverable and travels on low trajectories, improving its chances of evading missile defense systems.

North Korea’s fifth round of weapons launches in less than three weeks was seen as a protest of the slow pace of nuclear negotiations and continuance of the U.S.-South Korea military drills the North claims are an invasion rehearsal.

Experts say Mr. Trump’s downplaying of the North’s launches allowed the country more room to intensify its testing activity while it seeks to build leverage ahead of a possible resumption of negotiations. Talks have stalled since the collapse of Mr. Trump’s second summit with Kim in Vietnam in February over disagreements on exchanging sanctions relief and disarmament, although Mr. Trump made a historic trip into North Korea after the G20 conference in June. 

By launching a slew of weapons that directly threaten South Korea but not the U.S. mainland or its Pacific territories, North Korea also appears to be dialing up pressure on Seoul to make stronger efforts to coax major concessions from the United States on Pyongyang’s behalf.

North Korea in recent months has ignored the South’s calls for dialogue while demanding that Seoul turn away from Washington and resume inter-Korean economic cooperation held back by U.S.-led sanctions against the North.

In a statement released through KCNA, Kwon Jong Gun, director of the U.S. affairs department at Pyongyang’s Foreign Ministry, criticized South Korea for raising concerns over the North’s recent testing activity while continuing the drills with the U.S.

The North also on Saturday lashed out at South Korea’s recent acquisition of U.S.-made F-35 fighter jets and other plans to expand its military capabilities, saying that the South will gain “nothing but destruction” if it pursues a contest of strength with the North.

“Though we are to enter into a dialogue in future as the currents flow in favor of dialogue, (the South) had better keep in mind that this dialogue would be held strictly between the D.P.R.K and the U.S., not between the North and the South,” Kwon said, referring to North Korea by its formal name, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

“Given that the military exercise clearly puts us as an enemy in its concept, (the South) should think that an inter-Korean contact itself will be difficult to be made unless they put an end to such a military exercise or before they make a plausible excuse or an explanation in a sincere manner for conducting the military exercise,” Kwon said.

South Korea has said North Korea’s recent launches could hurt efforts to stabilize peace on the Korean Peninsula and called for the North to uphold an agreement to form a joint military committee to discuss reducing tensions, which was part of an inter-Korean military agreement reached last year.

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North Korea fires more projectiles, South Korea says

South Korea’s military said Saturday that North Korea fired two more unidentified projectiles into East Sea, Yonhap reported. North Korea has launched short-range missiles at least four other times since July 25 as the U.S. and South Korea prepare joint military exercises.

South Korea’s Yonhap news agency reported Saturday that Seoul’s Joint Chiefs of Staff said the projectiles were launched from an area near the North’s east coast. It didn’t immediately identify the projectiles or how far they flew, but North Korea has unleashed a series of test firings of short-range ballistic missiles in recent weeks.

The North Korean missile tests, which Donald Trump has repeatedly played down, come amid stalled diplomatic talks with the U.S. on the North’s nuclear program. So far, North Korea has stuck by its unilateral suspension of nuclear and long-range missile tests, which came during a diplomatic outreach to Washington last year. 

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The North described recent test-firings as a new rocket artillery system and short-range ballistic missile launches. It previously called them a “solemn warning” to South Korea over its plans to continue military drills with the U.S. Experts say the North’s weapons display could intensify in the coming months if progress isn’t made on the nuclear talks.

On Friday, Mr. Trump said he received another “beautiful letter” from North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and hinted there would be another meeting between them. Mr. Trump made a historic trip into North Korea with Kim in June. 

In an interview with Fox News after the first missile launch, Mr. Trump said he was “getting along well” with Kim and said the country “really haven’t tested missiles other than smaller ones.”

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North Korea says missile launches were warnings against U.S.-South Korea military exercises

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Farmers fear impact of escalating trade war with China

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